2. Inequality, Social Conditions, and Public Policy in Contemporary Brazil
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2. To understand the independent effect of State policies on social conditions and inequality reduction. Three issue areas will deserve particular attention due to the key role given to them in comparative public policy analysis: education, health, and labor market. Although the federal government regulates the later, state and municipalities provide the first two. Moreover, outcomes in any of them are largely attributed by mainstream literature to individual’s social background. In this regards, parallel subprojects were designed to evaluate:
 
2.1. the impact of schools as organizations on student performance, to be coordinated by Charles Kirschbaum, in collaboration with Daniel McFarland (Stanford University);
 
2.2. the impact of affirmative action policies on the access to university and job market as well as on student performance, to be coordinated by Antonio Sergio Alfredo Guimarães, in collaboration with Katherine Newman (Johns Hopkins University); Paul Attewell (City University of New York); Renato Pedrosa and Cibele Andrade (State University of Campinas);
 
2.3. the transition from school to the labour market, to be coordinated by Nadya Araujo Guimaraes, in collaboration with Helena Hirata (CNRS), Didier Demaziere (Fondation Nationale de Sciences Politiques), Kate Purcell (University of Warwick) and Alvaro Comin (King’s College).
 
2.4. the impact of contracting-out policies on health conditions, to be coordinated by Vera Schattan Pereira Coelho n collaboration with Alex Shankland and Gerry Bloom (University of Sussex);
 
 
2.6. the impact of nationwide revenue redistribution on subnational governments' capacity to provide services, to be coordinated by Marta Arretche, in collaboration with the International Metropolitan Observatory, leaded by Jefferey Sellers (University of Southern California).